Kodaly: Dances of Galanta, Hary Janos & Peacock Variations

Yoel Levi & Atlanta Symphony Orchestra

Kodaly Dances of Galanta Hary Janos Peacock Variat
  • CAT # 80413-25

    1. Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite: I. Prelude. The Fairy Tale Begins (Con moto) 3:34
    2. Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite: II. Viennese Musical Clock (Allegretto) 2:08
    3. Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite: III. Song (Andante, poco rubato) 5:54
    4. Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite: IV. The Battle and Defeat of Napoleon (Alla Marcia) 4:08
    5. Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite: V. Intermezzo (Andante maestoso, ma con fuoco) 5:14
    6. Kodaly: Hary Janos Suite: VI. Entrance of the Emperor and His Court (Alla Marcia) 3:03
    7. Kodaly: Dances of Galanta 16:09
    8. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Moderato 5:03
    9. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. I Con Brio
    10. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. II
    11. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. III Piu mosso
    12. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. IV Poco calmato
    13. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. V Appassionato
    14. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. VI.Tempo (calmato)
    15. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. VII Vivo
    16. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. VIII Piu vivo
    17. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. IX 1:28
    18. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. X Molto vivo
    19. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. XI Andante espressivo 2:47
    20. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. XII Adagio 3:40
    21. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. XIII Tempo de Marcia funebre 1:56
    22. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. XIV Andante, poco rubato 2:11
    23. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. XV Allegro giocoso
    24. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Var. XVI Maestoso 1:49
    25. Kodaly: Peacock Variations: Finale: Vivace 3:59

The music of Zoltan Kodaly pays tribute to his ancestral home of Hungary. The Dances of Galanta were the product of a commission from the Budapest Philharmonic, in honor of its 80th anniversary in 1933. For this work, Kodaly turned to a collection of Hungarian gypsy dances published around 1800 in the style of the verbunkos, a dance of alternating fast and slow sections used by military recruiters in the eighteenth century to entice young men into joining the army.

The Hary Janos Suite is taken from Kodaly's opera of the same name and is based on the fantastic stories woven around the military exploits of Janos, who actually lived in Hungary early in the nineteenth century. Kodaly classified the folk song The Peacock one of the most ancient melodies of the Eastern European tradition. Its nationalistic text, ("Fly peacock fly...to bring freedom to poor prisoners") stirred listeners to such an extent that performances of the Peacock Variations were forbidden by the Nazis during World War II.

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